Golf Swing Biomechanics

The full golf swing is the primary foundation upon which all other golf swings are based. By studying the physics of the golf swing, some golf players have been able to transform their game tremendously. Whole books have been written about how to swing a golf club and with very good reason because the golf swing is very much at the heart of your game. A golf swing is based on physics and if a golf swing is broken, you have to look to golf swing mechanics to fix it. Increasing power within the golf swing is connected to both swing mechanics and the body. Regardless of how much time you work on your swing mechanics, if your body does not have the golf strength to support your swing, you are limiting your potential.

The core is an anatomical region of the body where much of the movements within the golf swing occur. For optimum performance of the golf swing, there is a precisely timed sequence of body movements. The majority of energy for the swing comes from the lower body region, so keeping a relaxed upper body is the key to a consistent golf swing. The muscles of the body are supporting the body in a specific anatomical position and preparing it to swing a club. The modern golf swing can be described as a powerful SSC activity, in which the muscles of the lower, mid-section and upper body are rapidly stretched prior to shortening. When you begin to address the golf ball and prepare for your swing, it is essential that you have a sense of relaxation.

The angular velocity of the club head is equal to the change in angular displacement of the club head over time. Midway through your backswing, the club shaft should be parallel to the ground while the club head points vertically. The novice golfers vertical displacement of the club head during the backswing and follow-through was far greater than the expert golfers. You can hit the ball with confidence because you will know that the ball will travel longer and straighter more of the time. A golfer who hits the ball with the side of the club head will cause the end of the club to rotate, which shifts the ball to the side. Even though the follow-through happens after you hit the ball, it is critical to help maintain your club head speed on your drive.

Biomechanics of the golf swing applies the principles of mechanics to the structure and function of the golfer in an effort to improve golf technique and performance. Qualitative and quantitative methods are used to biomechanically assess golf techniques. The way to improve your golf swing varies from one person to another. Every player whether beginner or advanced tries to work on the biomechanics of golf swing until perfection is met. Since each golfer s body type and structure are different from each other, there must be some exercises to measure each player. The only way to achieve lower handicaps is to improve the function of the golfer, the person who actually swings the club.

The golf swing is a complex movement involving the whole body and is used to develop momentum that is transferred to the golf ball to propel it to its target. Since you are hitting the ball a shorter distance than with a full swing, you should choke up on the club, narrow your stance, and stand closer to the ball. A slice is caused by hitting the golf ball with a club face that is traveling out to in, or from outside the target line to inside the target line. The golf swing is a very physically demanding athletic movement, especially when one drives the ball utilizing almost 90% of exertion of the major muscles. Impact with the ball occurs for approximately half a milli-second. You want the ball to strike the clubface near the CG.

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